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Gastric acid secretion and risk of recurrence of duodenal ulcer within six to eight years after truncal vagotomy and drainage
  1. O. Kronborg

    Abstract

    The value of insulin and augmented histamine tests in predicting recurrence of duodenal ulcer within six to eight years after truncal vagotomy and drainage was assessed in a series of 500 consecutively and electively operated patients. Criteria of recurrence were established by a discriminative analysis of gastric acid secretion parameters. Recurrence was predicted with a probability of about 75% in patients with dyspepsia, the proportion between recurrences and dyspeptic nonrecurrences being 1:1. The discriminatory ability of the insulin test was no better than that of the postoperative histamine test. Men with a preoperative PAO > 46·1 m-equiv/h had a risk of recurrence of 21%, women with a PAO > 41·5 m-equiv/h, 28%. Below these levels the risk was 5 and 1% respectively, demonstrating that recurrence after vagotomy is related to the number of parietal cells before vagotomy. A rationale is provided for antrectomy and vagotomy in duodenal ulcer patients with a high number of parietal cells.

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