Article Text


Relative abundance of big and little gastrins in the tumours and blood of patients with the Zollinger Ellison syndrome.
  1. G J Dockray,
  2. J H Walsh,
  3. E Passaro, Jr


    The relative concentrations of big gastrin (G-34) and little gastrin (G-17) were compared in the sera and tumours (gastrinomas) of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome patients. Big and little gastrins were identified in all 10 serum samples and in all 10 tumour biopsies examined. In serum, G-34 (range of concentrations 58-220 000 fmol/ml) was the major form of gastrin and G-17 (22-78 000 fmol/ml) was a minor component; the mean relative abundance of G-17/[G17 + G34]) in serum was 0-18 and the mean relative abundance of G-34 was 0-82. In tumour, however, the opposite was true: G-17 (49-869 000 pmol/g) was the major component and G-34 (45-464 pmol/g) a minor component, and the relative proportions of G-17 and G-34 were 0-73 and 0-27 respectively. Following an intravenous injection of porcine secretin (2-0 U/kg) there was a rapid increase in concentration of all forms of gastrin in the blood, but the increase in G-17 was proportionately greater than that of G-34 (relative abundance of G-17 in basal serum was 0-21 compared with 0-37, five minutes after secretin). Differences in the half lives of G-17 and G-34 may partly explain their relative abundancies in serum and tumour tissue.

    Statistics from

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.