Observations on the effect of smoking on lower oesophageal sphincter pressure (LOSP) are based on station pull-through techniques of eosophageal manometry and recent studies have suggested that these techniques are inaccurate. Reproducible measurements of LOSP may be achieved with a rapid pull-through (RPT) method of manometry. This method was used to determine the effect of cigarette smoking on LOSP in 10 asymptomatic volunteers and in a group of 10 patients with symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux. Basal LOSP measurements in the two groups were not significantly different but LOSP was reduced by 19% in asymptomatic subjects (p less than 0-01) and by 21% in symptomatic patients (p less than 0-02) during cigarette smoking. The results suggest that smoking should be avoided in the clinical management of gastro-oesophageal reflux.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.