Fifty-six surgical specimens with various ulcerative intestinal disorders were microscopically investigated for evidence of gastric gland metaplasia. Thiry-one specimens (55-4%) showed pyloric gland metaplasia. Among the 31 patients with pyloric gland metaplasia, five showed true gastric metaplasia, consisting of parietal cells, chief cells, and mucous neck cells. The percentage of true gastric metaplasia among pyloric gland metaplasia was as high as 16%, an overall frequency of 9% among various ulcerative intestinal disorders. The mechanism of pyloric gland metaplasia and true gastric metaplasia is not understood, but may occur secondary to submucosal response to ulcer healing and subsequent alteration of the intraluminal condition in the intestine.
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