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Detection of pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae in patient with cirrhosis by contrast 2D echocardiography.
  1. C R Hind,
  2. C M Wong

    Abstract

    A case of multiple pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae associated with cirrhosis of the liver is described. The diagnosis was made by contrast two-dimensional echocardiography and confirmed by cardiac catheterisation and pulmonary angiography. As it is a sensitive and non-invasive technique, contrast two-dimensional echocardiography may be a useful screening test in cyanotic patients with liver disease in whom the presence of pulmonary fistulae is suspected.

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