The effect of pentagastrin in step-wise increasing doses of 0 . 02, 2 . 0 and 20 nmol/kg/h (0 . 01, 1 . 0, and 10 . 0 micrograms/kg/h) on pepsin and acid secretion was studied in seven healthy subjects. The study was repeated on another day during infusion of glucagon in a dose of 103 pmol/kg/h (0 . 36 micrograms/kg/h) which results in plasma-glucagon concentrations comparable with those seen after a protein-rich meal. Pepsin output was maximal after 0 . 2 nmol/kg/h (0 . 1 microgram/kg/h) of pentagastrin and 20 nmol/kg/h (10 micrograms/kg/h) resulted in a marked decrease. The dose of pentagastrin required for half-maximal pepsin output was less than 0 . 1 nmol/kg/h (0 . 05 micrograms/kg/h). When the study was repeated during infusion of glucagon, the dose-response curve was shifted to the right. The highest pepsin output was obtained with 20 nmol/kg/h (10 micrograms/kg/h) of pentagastrin and D50 increased to well over 1 microgram/kg/h. The dose of pentagastrin required for half-maximal acid secretion was about 0 . 3 nmol/kg/h (0 . 15 micrograms/kg/h) indicating that the sensitivity of the chief cells to pentagastrin is more than three times that of the parietal cells.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.