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Small intestinal absorption of amino acids and a dipeptide in pancreatic insufficiency.
  1. P J Milla,
  2. A Kilby,
  3. U B Rassam,
  4. R Ersser,
  5. J T Harries

    Abstract

    In this study a perfusion technique has been used to investigate in vivo jejunal absorption and transmural potential difference evoked by the neutral amino acids phenylalanine (56 or 20 mmol/l) and glycine (20 mmol/l), the dibasic amino acid lysine (56 or 5 mmol/l), and a dipeptide glycyl-l-phenylalanine (20 mmol/l) in 11 children with pancreatic insufficiency due to cystic fibrosis and in three children with other causes of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. Net absorption and potential difference evoked by phenylalanine in both cystic fibrosis and pancreatic insufficiency, and net absorption of glycine in cystic fibrosis were significantly reduced; but the absorption of lysine and glycyl-l-phenylalanine was normal. Absorption of the constituent amino acids from the dipeptide was normal or increased in cystic fibrosis. Thus, these studies show a defect in active absorption of neutral amino acids in cystic fibrosis with pancreatic insufficiency and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. We speculate that pancreatic factors participate in neutral amino acid absorption.

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