Article Text

PDF

Effect of sulphasalazine and its metabolites on the generation of reactive oxygen species.
  1. Y Miyachi,
  2. A Yoshioka,
  3. S Imamura,
  4. Y Niwa

    Abstract

    The relative in vitro anti-oxidant efficacy of sulphasalazine (salicylazosulphapyridine, SASP) and its metabolites (5-aminosalicylic acid, 5-ASA; sulphapyridine, SP) was examined by studying their effects on the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) using zymosan-stimulated polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNs) and a cell free, xanthine-xanthine oxidase system. Salicylazosulphapyridine, 5-ASA, and SP showed anti-oxidant effects to the various degrees. In particular, production of OH, which is one of the most potent reactive oxygen species, was remarkably suppressed by 5-ASA dose relatedly. These findings suggest that SASP and its metabolites play an important role in the inhibition of respiratory bursts. As the potent products of the respiratory burst by polymorphonuclear leucocytes are thought to be important inflammatory mediators, suppression of toxic reactive oxygen species generation by these agents may partly explain the therapeutic efficacy of SASP in ulcerative colitis, which is characterised by an acute mucosal inflammation dominated by polymorphonuclear leucocytes accumulation.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.