Article Text

PDF

Raised serum concentrations of pancreatic enzymes in cigarette smokers.
  1. M A Dubick,
  2. C N Conteas,
  3. H T Billy,
  4. A P Majumdar,
  5. M C Geokas

    Abstract

    Circulating concentrations of digestive enzymes, certain lysosomal hydrolases and protease inhibitors were measured in 19 heavy smokers and 13 non-smokers before (basal) and at 15, 30, and 60 minutes after a single intravenous injection of secretin (75 CU). In smokers, basal serum amylase and immunoreactive pancreatic elastase 2 (IRE2) concentrations were about 100% and 25% higher respectively, than in the non-smokers, whereas, no differences were observed in basal immunoreactive cationic trypsinogen (IRCT) concentrations and in acid phosphatase and beta-glucuronidase activities between the two groups. Furthermore, a single injection of secretin to cigarette smokers significantly increased serum amylase, IRCT and IRE2 by 155%, 200%, and 100%, respectively when compared with their corresponding basal levels. No such increment was observed in the non-smokers. In addition, there were no significant differences in serum trypsin or elastase inhibitory capacity or immunoreactive alpha 1-protease inhibitor and alpha 2-macroglobulin levels between smokers and non-smokers. The levels and inhibitory capacity of these protease inhibitors was also not affected by secretin injection. These data suggest that cigarette smoking enhances the responsiveness of the exocrine pancreas to a physiological stimulus such as secretin, with resultant substantial increase in the concentrations of pancreatic hydrolases in blood.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.