The incidence of pancreatic cancer is increased in patients who have undergone gastric surgery. An animal model is described in which pancreatic hyperplasia and adenoma formation developed within 56 weeks. The effects of a simple gastrojejunostomy were compared with those after a split gastrojejunostomy, in which the jejunum was transected and the two limbs implanted separately into the greater curvature of the glandular stomach 1 cm apart. After 56 weeks no animals in the simple gastrojejunostomy group had pancreatic hyperplasia whereas all 10 animals in the split gastrojejunostomy group had generalised pancreatic hyperplasia with macroscopic nodules. Microscopy of the nodules showed that in nine animals hyperplastic nodules had developed, and four of these also had adenomatous nodules. The remaining animal had enlarged lymph nodes. Pancreatic hyperplasia was associated with jejunal hyperplasia. Jejunal morphometry showed that the villus height was doubled and the villus height:crypt depth ratio was higher in the split gastrojejunostomy group compared with those animals with a simple gastrojejunostomy. This finding represents a new model for the investigation of pancreatic neoplastic change.
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