Article Text

PDF

Energy absorption as a measure of intestinal failure in the short bowel syndrome.
  1. C A Rodrigues,
  2. J E Lennard-Jones,
  3. D G Thompson,
  4. M J Farthing
  1. St Mark's Hospital, London.

    Abstract

    Energy absorption from a liquid test meal, intestinal transit rate and water and sodium output over a six hour period were measured in five patients with an ileostomy and 12 patients with the short bowel syndrome, five of whom were on longterm parenteral nutrition. The proportion of total energy absorbed was greatest in the ileostomists (median 87%, range 82-92%), less in short bowel patients not on parenteral nutrition (median 67%, range 59-78%, p less than 0.01) and least in the short bowel group who needed it (median 27%, range 2-63%, p less than 0.01). Transit rate was more rapid in the short bowel patients compared with the ileostomists. A close correlation was observed between percentage energy absorption and the dry weight of the stools/stoma effluent collected during the six hour test period (r = -0.99, p less than 0.001). This simple non-invasive test quantitates the degree of intestinal failure and may be of practical help in management.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.