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Sclerotherapy in extrahepatic portal venous obstruction.
  1. Y K Chawla,
  2. J B Dilawari,
  3. G N Ramesh,
  4. U Kaur,
  5. S K Mitra,
  6. B N Walia
  1. Department of Hepatology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

    Abstract

    One hundred and twenty two patients who presented with variceal bleeding as a result of extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPO) were entered into the sclerotherapy programme with a mean follow up of 23.69 months (range four to 60 months). Eighteen (14.7%) patients were lost to follow up, three (2.4%) patients underwent surgery, and six (4.9%) patients died. Variceal obliteration was achieved in the remaining 95 patients requiring 5.4 (2.4) sessions of sclerotherapy (range 2-18). Seventeen episodes of upper gastrointestinal bleed occurred in 15 patients during sclerotherapy. Recurrence of oesophageal varices was seen in 15 patients. Ten patients developed bulbous gastric varices after obliteration. Major complications including perforation and strictures were seen more commonly in children. Sclerotherapy was associated with a significant reduction in the bleeding rate (bleeds/month/patient) as compared with the presclerotherapy period (p less than 0.001). Endoscopic sclerotherapy is an effective and safe modality in the prevention of variceal bleeds in patients with extrahepatic portal vein obstruction.

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