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Response related factors in recombinant interferon alfa-2b treatment of chronic hepatitis C.
  1. R Pérez,
  2. R Pravia,
  3. A Linares,
  4. M Rodríguez,
  5. J L Lombraña,
  6. A Suárez,
  7. S Riestra,
  8. C A Navascués,
  9. L Rodrigo
  1. Gastroenterology Unit, Hospital Central de Asturias, School of Medicine, Oviedo, Spain.

    Abstract

    In an analysis of the clinical and laboratory variables that can influence the response to interferon alfa-2b treatment, 48 patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection received interferon 5 million units (MU) subcutaneously three times weekly for eight weeks followed by 3 MU three times weekly for seven months. Response related factors on univariate analysis were found to be age > 40 years, non-parenteral source of infection, pretreatment positive antinuclear antibodies (ANA), cirrhosis, and high serum iron, ferritin, gamma glutamyl transferase, and IgM. An independent predictive value (multivariate analysis) was also found for cirrhosis, ANA, serum iron, and ferritin. A baseline aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase ratio of 0.5 and a striking increase during interferon treatment were associated with a complete response.

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