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Failure of tropisetron to inhibit jejunal water and electrolyte secretion induced by 5-hydroxytryptamine in healthy volunteers.
  1. L K Munck,
  2. O Eskerod,
  3. M B Hansen,
  4. K Bukhave,
  5. J Rask-Madsen
  1. Department of Medical Gastroenterology, Hvidovre Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

    Abstract

    The effects of the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT3) receptor antagonist, ICS 205-930 (tropisetron), on basal and 5-HT induced jejunal secretion of water and electrolytes were examined using a double blind, randomised crossover design. In seven healthy volunteers steady state perfusions of the proximal jejunum were performed twice with the Loc-I-Gut tube after 5+5 mg ICS 205-930 or placebo capsules were given. After equilibration for 60 minutes and completion of a 120 minute basal period 5-HT (10 micrograms/kg x min intravenously) was infused for 120 minutes. Net water absorption (mean (SEM)) in the basal period was 0.55 (0.84) ml/cm x h and 0.74 (0.72) ml/cm x h after placebo and ICS 205-930, respectively (p > 0.05). Infusion of 5-HT caused significant net secretion of water after placebo (2.05 (0.58) ml/cm x h; p < 0.02) as well as ICS 205-930 (2.60 (0.89) ml/cm x h; p < 0.05). As ICS 205-930 excerted no effects on either basal or 5-HT induced water and electrolyte transport in the intact human jejunum the compound is probably not efficacious as an anti-secretory drug in patients with 5-HT induced diarrhoea.

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