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Effect of drink temperature on antropyloroduodenal motility and gastric electrical activity in humans.
  1. W M Sun,
  2. R Penagini,
  3. G Hebbard,
  4. C Malbert,
  5. K L Jones,
  6. S Emery,
  7. J Dent,
  8. M Horowitz
  1. Gastroenterology Unit, Royal Adelaide Hospital, SA, Australia.

    Abstract

    There is little information on the motor mechanisms underlying the effects of meal temperature on gastric emptying. The effects on antropyloric pressures and the surface electrogastrogram of ingesting drinks at 4 degrees C, 37 degrees C, and 50 degrees C (350 ml normal saline and 50 ml low calorie (7 kj) orange cordial) given in randomised order were measured over 60 minutes in 12 normal volunteers (10 men and 2 women, aged 18-55 years). The warm and cold drinks suppressed antral pressure waves (p < 0.05), altered the organisation of antropyloric pressure waves (p < 0.05), stimulated isolated pyloric pressure waves (p < 0.05), and increased electrogastrogram frequency (p < 0.05) when compared with the 37 degrees C drink. These changes were greatest in the first 30 minutes after ingestion and greater (p < 0.05) with the 4 degrees C drink. Temperature has major effects on postprandial antropyloroduodenal motility in normal subjects. Both cold and warm drinks stimulate a pattern of motility associated with retardation of transpyloric flow.

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