Article Text

PDF

Overexpression of nm23-H1 and nm23-H2 genes in colorectal carcinomas and loss of nm23-H1 expression in advanced tumour stages.
  1. J A Martinez,
  2. S Prevot,
  3. B Nordlinger,
  4. T M Nguyen,
  5. Y Lacarriere,
  6. A Munier,
  7. I Lascu,
  8. J C Vaillant,
  9. J Capeau,
  10. M L Lacombe
  1. INSERM U 402, Faculté de Médecine, Hôpital Saint-Antoine, Paris, France.

    Abstract

    Although a reduced expression of nm23 has been shown to correlate with a high metastatic potential in some human cancers, in colorectal cancers, conflicting data have been reported. As there are two homologous genes, nm23-H1 and nm23-H2, which encode the A and B subunits of nucleoside diphosphate kinase, efficient and simplified techniques were designed to selectively study nm23-H1 and -H2 expression in 35 colorectal cancers at both the protein and mRNA levels by immunoblotting, immunohistochemistry, and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT PCR) using specific antibodies and primers. Nm23-H1 and Nm23-H2 proteins were overexpressed in tumours compared with adjacent mucosa. This overexpression was lost, however, in some advanced cases: 89% and 81% of TNM (tumour, node, metastases) stages 0-II showed Nm23-H1 and -H2 overexpression, respectively, which significantly differed from 47% and 38% of stage III-IV tumours. Similar results were seen with nm23-H1 mRNA. Heterogenous labelling of tumoral cells was seen by immunohistological staining. This suggests a dichotomy: an overexpression of nm23-H1 and -H2 linked to early stages of cancer and a loss of nm23-H1 overexpression seen in more advanced stages. Therefore specific nm23-H1 determination should be evaluated as a prognostic factor in human colorectal carcinoma.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.