Article Text

PDF

Developmental differences in the expression of the cholera toxin sensitive subunit (Gs alpha) of adenylate cyclase in the rat small intestine.
  1. I R Sanderson,
  2. Z Xu,
  3. S W Chu,
  4. Q Y Xie,
  5. L J Levine,
  6. W A Walker
  1. Developmental Gastroenterology Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA.

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: The stimulatory guanosine triphosphate (GTP) binding protein alpha subunit (Gs alpha) of adenylate cyclase is the target protein for cholera toxin. AIMS/METHODS: The expression of this signal transducer was analysed in the small intestine of developing rats by RNA transfer (northern blot) analysis by immunoblotting, and by ADP-ribosylation of membrane proteins. RESULTS: Intestinal Gs alpha mRNA (about 1.9 kb) was increased in the neonate compared with the adult rat. Two isoforms of Gs alpha proteins, a 45,000 and a 52,000 form, were expressed in the small intestinal epithelial cell and both were ADP-ribosylated by cholera toxin. A significant increase in the larger isoform (52,000) and in its ribosylation was noted in the 2 week old suckling compared with post-weaned older animals. The protein content or ribosylation of the smaller form (45,000) did not significantly change with age. CONCLUSION: These data show that a developmental decline of intestinal Gs alpha expression seems to be, in part, regulated at the mRNA level. An increased Gs alpha expression in the immature intestine may help to explain a previously reported, dose dependent increased adenylate cyclase response and an increase in fluid secretion to cholera toxin in neonates compared with adults.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.