Article Text

PDF

An impaired phagocytic function is associated with leucocyte activation in the early stages of severe acute pancreatitis.
  1. G Liras,
  2. F Carballo
  1. Department of Internal Medicine, University of Alcalá de Henares, Spain.

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: An excessive leucocyte activation takes place early in severe acute pancreatitis. Furthermore, some indirect evidences suggest a disturbance of the mononuclear phagocytic system in the severe cases. AIMS: To compare the early functionalism of leucocytes obtained from patients with mild disease and severe disease, under the hypothesis that an impaired phagocytic function could be associated with the leucocyte activation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Flow cytometric parameters of leucocyte function, such as phagocytosis, and fluorescence of leucocytes with acridine orange (FLAO) were prospectively measured together with granulocyte elastase plasma concentrations in 21 patients with severe (n = 7) and mild (n = 14) acute pancreatitis. Samples were drawn at 24 hours from admission, 48 hours, 72 hours, and on day 5. RESULTS: There was a greater leucocyte activation together with a deficient phagocytosis before 72 hours in severe patients. The results (mean (SEM)) severe v mild were: 440 (115) microgram/l v 77 (14) micrograms/l for granulocyte elastase, 2.218 (377) v 1.308 (155) for FLAO, 64 (7) v 90 (2), and 55 (9) v 81 (3) for percentages of phagocytising neutrophils and monocytes, respectively. Phagocytic capacity returned to normal later on day 5. CONCLUSIONS: The excessive leucocyte activation together with the impaired phagocytosis could be related to the onset of complications in severe acute pancreatitis.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.