Comparison of three faecal occult blood tests in the detection of colorectal neoplasia.
METHODS AND AIMS: For the detection of colorectal neoplasia, 192 consecutive patients had colonoscopy to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of three faecal occult blood tests (FOBT). Of 160 evaluable patients (96 female, mean age 51.9), 21 patients (13.1%) had adenomas and three patients (1.9%) had colorectal carcinoma. RESULTS: When comparing all three faecal occult blood tests for the detection of colorectal neoplasia, the sensitivity of Monohaem (43.8%) was superior to both Hemoccult II (25%) and to BM-Test colon albumin (25%). The specificity of Monohaem (94.6%) was greater than both Hemoccult II (88%) and BM-Test colon albumin (89%). Using McNemar's test, Monohaem was a more accurate FOBT than Hemoccult II and BM-Test albumin (p < 0.05). In the 21 patients with adenomatous polyps, FOBT sensitivity seemed to be dependent on polyp size, but not polyp site. CONCLUSIONS: Monohaem, a feacal occult blood test that uses a monoclonal antibody that is specific for human haemoglobin, is a more accurate test in the detection of colorectal neoplasia and should possibly be used in colorectal cancer screening programmes.