Enhanced production of monocyte chemotactic protein 3 in inflammatory bowel disease mucosa
- J Wedemeyera,
- A Lorentza,
- M Gökea,
- P N Meiera,
- P Flemmingb,
- C A Dahindenc,
- M P Mannsa,
- S C Bischoffa
- aDepartment of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Medical School of Hannover, D-30623 Hannover, Germany, bDepartment of Pathology, Medical School of Hannover, D-30623 Hannover, Germany, cInstitute of Allergology and Immunology, Inselspital Bern, Bern, Switzerland
- Dr Bischoff.
- Accepted 1 December 1998
BACKGROUND The β chemokine monocyte chemotactic protein 3 (MCP-3) has chemoattractant and activating capabilities in monocytes, lymphocytes, eosinophils, and basophils.
AIMS To investigate MCP-3 expression in inflammatory conditions of the human intestinal mucosa.
PATIENTS Forty five colon biopsy specimens from 18 patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD; 16 specimens from inflamed and 10 from non-inflamed areas) and 19 control patients were examined.
METHODS Immunohistochemical staining and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used for MCP-3 detection in tissue sections. Intestinal epithelial cell lines (HT-29, Caco-2, T-84) were stimulated with interleukin (IL) 1β, IL-6, and tumour necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and examined for MCP-3 protein and mRNA expression using immunocytochemistry and RT-PCR, respectively.
RESULTS In tissue sections, MCP-3 protein was detected predominantly in epithelial cells, both in patients with IBD and in controls. MCP-3 staining was particularly pronounced at sites of active mucosal inflammation. The intensity of MCP-3 staining was positively correlated with the extent of epithelial destruction. In intestinal epithelial cell lines, MCP-3 mRNA was expressed, whereas MCP-3 protein was not consistently detected.
CONCLUSIONS Our data show that MCP-3 protein is present in normal and inflamed intestinal tissue. MCP-3 production is substantially enhanced in areas of active inflammation, suggesting an immunoregulatory role of MCP-3 in intestinal inflammation.
- Crohn’s disease
- inflammatory bowel disease
- monocyte chemotactic protein
- macrophage inflammatory protein
- tumour necrosis factor
- ulcerative colitis