Serum interleukin 10 and interleukin 11 in patients with acute pancreatitis
- Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Veterans General Hospital-Taipei and National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China
- Dr C-C Chen, Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Veterans General Hospital-Taipei, No 201, Section 2, Shih-Pai Road, Taipei, 11217, Taiwan.
- Accepted 23 June 1999
BACKGROUND Proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines are involved in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis.
AIMS To measure the serial serum levels of interleukin 10 and interleukin 11 in patients with acute pancreatitis and analyse the relation of these anti-inflammatory cytokines to disease severity.
METHODS In 50 patients with acute pancreatitis, the serum concentrations of interleukin 10 and interleukin 11 were determined on days one, two, three, four, and seven after admission. Serum C reactive protein levels were evaluated on days one and two. Severity of pancreatitis was determined according to the Atlanta criteria.
RESULTS Serum concentrations of interleukin 10 on days one to seven were significantly higher in patients with severe pancreatitis than in those with mild pancreatitis. Patients with severe attacks had significantly elevated serum interleukin 11 concentrations on days two to four compared with those with mild attacks, but not on days one and seven. With cut off levels of 30 pg/ml for interleukin 10, 10.5 pg/ml for interleukin 11, and 115 mg/l for C reactive protein, the accuracy rates for detecting severe pancreatitis were 84%, 64%, and 78% respectively on day one and 82%, 74%, and 84% respectively on day two.
CONCLUSIONS Serum interleukin 10 and interleukin 11 concentrations reflect the severity of acute pancreatitis. Interleukin 10 is a useful variable for early prediction of the prognosis of acute pancreatitis.
- Abbreviations used in this paper:
- acute physiology and chronic health evaluation
- C reactive protein
- tumour necrosis factor