Heparin attenuates TNF-α induced inflammatory response through a CD11b dependent mechanism
- aGastroenterology Department, Hospital Clínic, IDIBAPS, Barcelona, Spain, bHaemotherapy and Haemostasis Department, Hospital Clínic, IDIBAPS, Barcelona, Spain, cDiscovery Research, Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, Minnesota, USA
- Dr J Panés, Gastroenterology Department, Hospital Clínic, Villarroel, 170, Barcelona 08036, Spain. Email:
- Accepted 11 January 2000
BACKGROUND In addition to its anticoagulant properties, heparin has anti-inflammatory effects, the molecular and mechanistic bases of which are incompletely defined.
AIMS The current studies were designed to test the hypothesis that heparin abrogates the expression or function of leucocyte-endothelial adherence molecules which are fundamental to the acute inflammatory response.
METHODS The effects of heparin on tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) induced leucocyte rolling, adhesion, and migration as well as vascular permeability were assessed in rat mesenteric venules using intravital microscopy. Expression of adhesion molecules was quantitated using a double radiolabelled monoclonal antibody (mAb) binding technique in vivo (P-selectin, intercellular cell adhesion molecule type 1 (ICAM-1), and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1)) or flow cytometry (CD11a, CD11b, and L-selectin). Ex vivo binding of heparin to neutrophils was assessed by flow cytometry.
RESULTS TNF-α induced a significant increase in leucocyte rolling, adhesion, and migration, and vascular permeability, coincident with a significant increase in expression of P-selectin, ICAM-1, and VCAM-1. Ex vivo assessment of blood neutrophils showed significant upregulation of CD11a and CD11b and significant downregulation of L-selectin within five hours of TNF-α administration. Heparin pretreatment significantly attenuated leucocyte rolling, adhesion, and migration but did not affect expression of cell adhesion molecules or vascular permeability elicited by TNF-α administration. Binding of heparin was significantly increased on blood neutrophils obtained five hours after TNF-α administration. Preincubation with an anti-CD11b mAb but not with an anti-CD11a or anti-L-selectin antibody significantly diminished heparin binding ex vivo.
CONCLUSIONS Our results support the concept that the anti-inflammatory effects of heparin involve attenuation of a CD11b dependent adherent mechanism.
- Abbreviations used in this paper:
- partial thromboplastin time
- bicarbonate buffered saline
- bovine serum albumin
- fluorescein isothiocyanate
- N-formyl methionyl leucyl phenylalanine
- inflammatory bowel disease
- intercellular cell adhesion molecule type 1
- interleukin 8
- monoclonal antibody
- phosphate buffered saline
- tumour necrosis factor alpha
- vascular cell adhesion molecule 1