Modulation of colonic barrier function by the composition of the commensal flora in the rat
- aDigestive System Research Unit, Hospital General Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona 08035, Spain, bMicrobiology Unit, Hospital General Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain
- Dr F Guarner.
- Accepted 31 October 2000
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Altered intestinal permeability is a key pathogenetic factor of idiopathic bowel inflammation. We investigated in the rat if changes in the composition of the bowel flora can alter colonic permeability.
METHODS A colonic segment was surgically excluded from faecal transit and brought out as a loop to the abdominal wall through two colostomies. The loop was used for colonisation with specific bacterial strains after eradication of the native flora with antibiotics. Lumen to blood clearance of dextran (molecular weight 70 000) and mannitol (molecular weight 182) was measured in rats recolonised with a single bacterial strain from rat colonic origin, and in control rats whose colonic loop was kept free of bacteria by antibiotics. Actual colonisation was confirmed by culture of segment effluents.
RESULTS Colonisation with Escherichia coli,Klebsiella pneumoniae, andStreptococcus viridans significantly increased lumen to blood clearance of mannitol. Colonisation withLactobacillus brevis had the opposite effect and reduced permeability to mannitol. Bacteroides fragilis did not induce significant changes. Permeability to dextran was not altered by any of the strains tested.
CONCLUSIONS Certain commensal bacteria can modify colonic wall permeability to luminal substances.