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Gut 49:145-151 doi:10.1136/gut.49.1.145
  • Review

Classification of oesophageal motility abnormalities

  1. S J SPECHLER
  1. Department of Medicine
  2. Dallas VA Medical Center
  3. and University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
  4. Dallas, Texas, USA
  5. Department of Medicine
  6. Graduate Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
  1. Dr S J Spechler, Division of Gastroenterology (111B1), Dallas VA Medical Center, 4500 South Lancaster Road, Dallas, Texas 75216, USA. sjspechler{at}aol.com
  1. D O CASTELL
  1. Department of Medicine
  2. Dallas VA Medical Center
  3. and University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
  4. Dallas, Texas, USA
  5. Department of Medicine
  6. Graduate Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
  1. Dr S J Spechler, Division of Gastroenterology (111B1), Dallas VA Medical Center, 4500 South Lancaster Road, Dallas, Texas 75216, USA. sjspechler{at}aol.com

    Abstract

    Manometric examination of the oesophagus frequently reveals abnormalities whose cause is unknown and whose physiological importance is not clear. A large body of literature dealing with oesophageal motility abnormalities has evolved over the past few decades but comparisons among studies have been compromised by the lack of a widely accepted system for classifying the abnormal motility patterns, and by the lack of uniform diagnostic criteria for the putative disorders. Based on an extensive review and analysis of the literature, this report suggests an operational scheme to be used for the general classification of oesophageal motility abnormalities, and proposes standardised manometric criteria for the putative oesophageal motility disorders. By applying the guidelines proposed in this report, clinicians and researchers can determine if their patients fulfil the manometric criteria for a putative motility disorder. This should facilitate and improve comparisons among patients and studies. However, it is important to emphasise that fulfilment of the proposed criteria does not establish the clinical importance of the motility abnormalities.

    Footnotes

    • Abbreviations used in this paper:
      LOS
      lower oesophageal sphincter
      UOS
      upper oesophageal sphincter