Sustained virological response in hepatitis C virus type 1b infected patients is predicted by the number of mutations within the NS5A-ISDR: a meta-analysis focused on geographical differences
- 1Medizinische Klinik mit Schwerpunkt Hepatologie und Gastroenterologie, Campus Virchow, Universitätsklinikum Charité, Humboldt-Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
- 2Institut für Medizinische Informatik, Biometrie und Epidemiologie, Universitätsklinikum Benjamin Franklin, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
- 3Robert Koch Institut, Berlin, Germany
- Correspondence to:
Dr M E Pascu
Medizinische Klinik m S Hepatologie und Gastroenterologie, Charité, Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin, Germany;
- Accepted 27 February 2004
- Revised 16 February 2004
Background and aims: There is growing evidence that the response of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1b infected patients towards interferon (IFN) therapy is influenced by the number of mutations within the carboxy terminal region of the NS5A gene, the interferon sensitivity determining region (ISDR).
Patients and methods: In order to attain better insight into this correlation, a file comprising published data on ISDR strains from 1230 HCV genotype 1b infected patients, mainly from Japan and Europe, was constructed and analysed by logistic regression. Sustained virological response (SVR) was defined as negative HCV RNA six months after treatment.
Results: The distribution of wild-, intermediate-, and mutant-type ISDR sequences differed significantly between Japanese (n = 655) (44.1%, 37.6%, and 18.3%) and European patients (n = 525) (24.8%, 63.4%, and 11.8%; p<0.001). There was a significant positive correlation between the number of ISDR mutations and SVR rate, irrespective of geographical region. The likelihood of SVR with each additional mutation within the ISDR was considerably more pronounced in Japanese compared with European patients (odds ratios 1.82 v 1.39; p<0.001). Pretreatment viraemia of <6.6 log copies/ml and ISDR mutant-type infection was associated with an SVR rate of 97.1% in Japanese patients but only 52.5% in European patients. Pretreatment viraemia was a stronger predictor of SVR than ISDR mutation number in Japanese patients whereas in European patients both parameters had similar predictive power.
Conclusion: These data support the concept that mutant-type ISDR strains may represent a subtype within genotype 1b with a more favourable response towards IFN therapy.
- SVR, sustained virological response
- HCV, hepatitis C virus
- IFN, interferon
- ISDR, interferon sensitivity determining region
- NR, non-response
- OR, odds ratio
- PKR, RNA dependent protein kinase
- sustained virological response
- geographical difference
- interferon sensitivity determining region