First phenotypic description of transferrin receptor 2 knockout mouse, and the role of hepcidin
- The Membrane Transport Laboratory, Cancer and Cell Biology Division, The Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
- Correspondence to:
Dr V N Subramaniam
The Membrane Transport Laboratory, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, 300 Herston Rd, Herston, QLD 4006, Australia;
- Accepted 23 February 2005
- Revised 18 January 2005
Background: Transferrin receptor 2 (TfR2) is a key molecule involved in the regulation of iron homeostasis. Mutations in humans cause type 3 haemochromatosis and a targeted mutation in mice leads to iron overload with a similar phenotype. We have previously described the generation of a complete TfR2-knockout (KO) mouse.
Aims: The aims of this study were to determine the phenotype and analyse expression of iron related molecules in the liver, duodenum, and spleen of homozygous TfR2-KO, heterozygous, and wild-type mice.
Methods: Serum and tissue iron levels were determined in 10 week old male mice. Expression of iron related mRNA transcripts were analysed in the liver, duodenum, and spleen using real time polymerase chain reaction. Expression of iron related proteins in the liver were analysed by immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry.
Results: Homozygous TfR2-KO mice had no TfR2 protein expression and developed significant iron overload typical of TfR2 associated haemochromatosis. In the liver of TfR2-KO mice there was no upregulation of hepcidin mRNA or prohepcidin protein in response to iron loading.
Conclusions: Our results suggest that TfR2 is required for iron regulated expression of hepcidin and is involved in a pathway related to Hfe and hemojuvelin.
- DcytB, duodenal cytochrome B
- DMT1, divalent metal transporter 1
- Fpn1, ferroportin
- Hjv, hemojuvelin
- KO, knockout
- TfR1, transferrin receptor 1
- TfR2, transferrin receptor 2
- PCR, polymerase chain reaction
- PBS, phosphate buffered saline
Conflict of interest: None declared.