A controlled crossover study of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor citalopram in irritable bowel syndrome
- 1Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
- 2Department of Neurosciences and Psychiatry, Division of Liaison Psychiatry, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
- 3Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, and Department of Neurosciences and Psychiatry, Division of Liaison Psychiatry, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
- Correspondence to:
Dr J Tack
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium;
- Accepted 12 December 2005
- Revised 4 December 2005
- Published Online First 9 January 2006
Introduction: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are frequently used in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) although evidence of their efficacy is scarce.
Aim: Twenty three non-depressed IBS patients were recruited from a tertiary care centre and included in a crossover trial comparing six weeks of treatment with the SSRI citalopram (20 mg for three weeks, 40 mg for three weeks) with placebo. IBS symptom severity was the primary outcome measure, and depression and anxiety scores were also measured. The effect of acute administration of citalopram on colonic sensitivity and on colonic response to feeding was investigated as a putative predictor of symptomatic response to the drug.
Results: After three and six weeks of treatment, citalopram significantly improved abdominal pain, bloating, impact of symptoms on daily life, and overall well being compared with placebo. There was only a modest effect on stool pattern. Changes in depression or anxiety scores were not related to symptom improvement. The effect of acute administration of citalopram during a colonic barostat study did not predict clinical outcome. Analysis of the first treatment period as a double blind parallel arm study confirmed the benefit of citalopram over placebo.
Conclusions: The SSRI citalopram significantly improves IBS symptoms, including abdominal pain, compared with placebo. The therapeutic effect is independent of effects on anxiety, depression, and colonic sensorimotor function.
- 5-HT, serotonin
- SSRIs, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
- IBS, irritable bowel syndrome
- TCA, tricyclic antidepressants
- VAS, visual analogue scale
- SCL-90R, symptom checklist-90-revised
- HADS, hospital anxiety and depression scale
Published online first 9 January 2006
Conflict of interest: None declared.