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The T-box transcription factor eomesodermin controls CD8 T cell activity and lymph node metastasis in human colorectal cancer
  1. Imke Atreya1,
  2. Carl C Schimanski1,
  3. Christoph Becker1,
  4. Stefan Wirtz1,
  5. Heike Dornhoff1,
  6. Elke Schnürer2,
  7. Martin R Berger3,
  8. Peter R Galle1,
  9. Wolfgang Herr2,
  10. Markus F Neurath1
  1. 1
    I Departmant of Medicine, University of Mainz, Germany
  2. 2
    III Department of Medicine, University of Mainz, Germany
  3. 3
    DKFZ, Heidelberg, Germany
  1. Markus F Neurath, Laboratory of Immunology, I. Department of Medicine, University of Mainz, Langenbeckstrasse 1, 55101 Mainz, Germany; neurath{at}1-med.klinik.uni-mainz.de

Abstract

Background/aims: An efficient cytolytic T cell function is essential for immune mediated rejection of colorectal cancer. However, the molecular mechanisms driving T cell mediated cancer rejection are still poorly understood. Here, we assessed the relevance of the T-box transcription factor eomesodermin in colorectal cancer.

Methods/results: By analysing tissue probes from 88 different colorectal tumours, a significant (p<0.02) inverse correlation between eomesodermin expression in colorectal cancers and the presence of lymph node metastases could be shown, whereas no such correlation was noted for the master transcription factor of regulatory T cells, FoxP3 and CD8alpha expression. To evaluate whether this effect might be due to effects of eomesodermin on tumour infiltrating CD8 T cells, we subsequently analysed the regulated expression and function of this transcription factor in human T cells. Whereas overexpression of this factor induced perforin but not granzyme expression, siRNA mediated suppression of eomesodermin expression led to significantly reduced IFN-γ production, perforin levels and cytolytic activity of CD8 T cells. Furthermore, TGF-β and IL4 could be identified as important inducer of eomesodermin expression.

Conclusion: These data define for the first time a regulatory role of eomesodermin for CD8 T cell activity in humans. Our findings are consistent with a model in which eomesodermin expression in tumour infiltrating T cells regulates cytolytic functions of CD8 T cells via perforin expression. These data provide novel insights into control mechanisms governing the functional activity of human CD8 T lymphocytes via T-box transcription factors in cancer.

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Footnotes

  • Competing interest: None.

  • Abbreviations:
    APCs
    antigen presenting cells
    CRC
    colorectal cancer
    CTLs
    cytolytic T cells
    IL
    interleukin
    IFN-γ
    interferon-γ
    RT-PCR
    reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction
    siRNA
    small interfering RNA
    TGF-β
    transforming growth factor β
    UICC
    International Union against Cancer

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