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Gut 56:373-379 doi:10.1136/gut.2006.099614
  • Colon cancer

A prospective comparative study of narrow-band imaging, chromoendoscopy, and conventional colonoscopy in the diagnosis of colorectal neoplasia

  1. Han-Mo Chiu1,
  2. Chi-Yang Chang4,
  3. Chien-Chuan Chen1,
  4. Yi-Chia Lee1,
  5. Ming-Shiang Wu1,
  6. Jaw-Town Lin1,
  7. Chia-Tung Shun3,
  8. Hsiu-Po Wang2
  1. 1Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
  2. 2Department of Emergency Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
  3. 3Department of Pathology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
  4. 4Department of Internal Medicine, E-Da Hospital, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr H-P Wang
    Department of Emergency Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, 7, Chung-Shan South Road, Taipei, Taiwan; whp{at}ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw
  • Received 20 April 2006
  • Accepted 5 September 2006
  • Published Online First 27 September 2006

Abstract

Background: Discrimination between neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions is crucial in colorectal cancer screening. Application of narrow-band imaging (NBI) in colonoscopy visualises mucosal vascular networks in neoplastic lesions and may improve diagnostic accuracy.

Aim: To compare the diagnostic efficacy of NBI in differentiating neoplastic from non-neoplastic colorectal lesions with diagnostic efficacies of standard modalities, conventional colonoscopy, and chromoendoscopy.

Methods: In this prospective study, 180 colorectal lesions from 133 patients were observed with conventional colonoscopy, and under low-magnification and high-magnification NBI and chromoendoscopy. Lesions were resected for histopathological analysis. Endoscopic images were stored electronically and randomly allocated to two readers for evaluation. Sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy of each endoscopic modality were assessed by reference to histopathology.

Results: NBI and chromoendoscopy scored better under high magnification than under low magnification in comparison with conventional colonoscopy. The diagnostic accuracy of NBI with low or high magnification was significantly higher than that of conventional colonoscopy (low magnification: p = 0.0434 for reader 1 and p = 0.004 for reader 2; high magnification: p<0.001 for both readers) and was comparable to that of chromoendoscopy.

Conclusion: Both low-magnification and high-magnification NBI were capable of distinguishing neoplastic from non-neoplastic colorectal lesions; the diagnostic accuracy of NBI was better than that of conventional colonoscopy and equivalent to that of chromoendoscopy. The role of NBI in screening colonoscopy needs further evaluation.

Footnotes

  • Published Online First 27 September 2006

  • Competing interests: None.