Background/aim: To examine the risks for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with respect to hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes, specific viral mutations (MT), serum HBV DNA levels, and cirrhosis.
Methods: HBV genotypes, 1653/1753/core promoter (CP)/precore MT and HBV DNA levels were determined in 248 HBV patients with HCC and 248 HBV controls.
Results: Genotype C, CP-MT, T1653, HBV DNA levels ⩾4 log10 copies/ml and cirrhosis had a higher risk for HCC compared to patients with genotype B (p = 0.001, OR 1.9), CP wild-type (WT) (p<0.001, OR 4.1), C1653 (p = 0.028, OR 2.4), HBV DNA <4 log10 copies/ml (p = 0.003, OR 2.1) and without cirrhosis (p<0.001, OR 4.0) respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that CP-MT, T1653, HBV DNA ⩾4 log10 copies/ml and cirrhosis were independent factors for HCC (all p<0.05). A receiver operating characteristics curve showed no cut-off HBV DNA level associated with minimal chance of HCC. Patients with CP-MT and cirrhosis had a 22.2-fold increased risk of HCC compared to patients with CP-WT and without cirrhosis. Patients with CP-MT and HBV DNA levels ⩾4 log10 copies/ml had a 7.2-fold increased risk of HCC compared to patients with CP-WT and HBV DNA levels <4 log10 copies/ml. Patients with CP-MT and T1653 had a 9.9-fold increased risk of HCC compared to patients with wild-type for both regions.
Conclusions: CP-MT, T1653, HBV DNA levels ⩾4 log10 copies/ml and cirrhosis are independent factors for development of HCC. The risks increased substantially in patients having these factors in combination.
- HBV genotype
- core promoter/precore mutations
- HBV DNA
- hepatocellular carcinoma
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Competing interests: None.