Introduction Narrow band imaging (NBI) has been investigated as a technique to improve adenoma detection; however most randomised studies have shown no differences from white light examination (WLE). We recently reported no significant difference in adenoma detection rate for our trial of NBI for detection in high risk patients (n=214; 73% NBI vs 66% WLE, p=0.26)1; however patients were not evenly matched by gender in NBI and WLE groups. We therefore undertook a multivariate analysis to account for this and investigate other subgroups
Methods The primary outcome measure, patients with at least one adenoma detected, was reanalysed after adjustment for demographic and clinical variables including all of: age, gender, indication (3+ adenomas, cancer follow up, +ve FOBT), family history of colorectal cancer, bowel preparation (good or adequate), endoscopist (three operators), and withdrawal time, using logistic regression. Count outcomes (polyp numbers by type) were analysed by Poisson regression. An interaction was noted with both endoscopist and bowel preparation, which were analysed as subgroups
Results Following multivariate analysis there was no significant difference for the primary outcome measure between WLE and NBI arms, p=0.30, OR (adjusted) 1.46 (95% CI 0.72 to 2.96). No difference was seen for total number of adenomas, total polyps, advanced adenomas or non-adenomatous polyps; however the mean (SD) number of flat adenomas was higher in NBI arm 0.4 (0.9) versus 0.2 (0.4), adjusted comparison ratio 2.58 (1.42–4.68), p=0.002. One of three endoscopists performed significantly better with NBI (table 1). In patients with good bowel prep NBI significantly outperformed WLE for numbers of adenomas detected, but there was no difference with adequate bowel prep (table 1).
Conclusion Overall, after adjustment, NBI did not improve adenoma detection; however detection of flat adenomas appears improved. One of three endoscopists performed better with NBI than white light, and NBI was more effective in patients with good bowel preparation. Under optimal conditions, NBI may assist some endoscopists to optimise detection particularly of flat adenomas. Aggregated results of randomised controlled trials may obscure situations where advanced imaging techniques could provide benefit.
ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00279357.
- bowel preparation
- colonic polyp
- flat adenoma
- narrow band imaging
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Funding Leigh family trust.
Competing interests None.
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