Introduction Upper Gastrointestinal (GI) bleed remains the commonest gastrointestinal emergency with a significantly high hospital mortality and prolonged hospital stay. The aim of the study is to audit any difference of the above parameters after the introduction of GI bleed rota in our trust.
Methods The data was collected from patient records and endoscopy database. Rockall scores were used for risk stratification. Standard statistical methods were used for analysing data. Comparisons were made with the audit results from 2005.
Results The re audit was conducted as a follow up to the one which was done in 2005, after introducing local upper GI bleed guidelines and 24/7 GI bleed rota.
A total of 107 patients (including both in- and outpatients) were referred for upper Gastrointestinal endoscopy with suspected upper GI bleed from 1st Jan to 30th June 2012. A sample of 39 patients were randomly (every third patient) included in the audit with 19 females and 20 males. The mean age was 69.6yrs (±30yrs).
The time interval from presentation to therapeutic endoscopy was 35.35 hours as opposed to 2.82 days according to 2005 audit data. Amongst the endoscopy findings 12.82% (5/39) patients had Gastrooesophageal varices versus no banding in 2005 audit data; there was no significant difference amongst other aetiologies in both audit samples. Thirty day mortality was 7.7%(3/39) as compared to 13.33%(4/30) in 2005.The length of hospital stay was found to be 10.7 days as compared to 12.32days (2005).
The mortality was reduced as the time delay to therapeutic endoscopy reduced.
The hospital stay has been shortened by a couple of days in this study sample. The estimated cost of 24/7 GI bleed rota is 15000 pounds per annum which can potentially save significant amount of funding by reducing hospital stay i.e. An investment worth spending on.
The incidence of variceal bleeding has increased significantly over the years.
Disclosure of Interest None Declared.
Rockall TA, Logan RFA, Devlin HB, et al. Incidence of and mortality from acute upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage in the United Kingdom. BMJ1995; 311:222–6.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.