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OC-072 The Microaerophilic Microbiota of De-Novo Paediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: the Biscuit Study
  1. R Hansen1,
  2. S Berry1,
  3. I Mukhopadhya1,
  4. J Thomson1,
  5. K Saunders1,
  6. C Nicholl1,
  7. M Bisset2,
  8. R Russell3,
  9. E El-Omar1,
  10. G Hold1
  1. 1Division of Applied Medicine, Aberdeen University
  2. 2Paediatric Gastroenterology, Royal Aberdeen Childrens Hospital, Aberdeen
  3. 3Paediatric Gastroenterology, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, UK

Abstract

Introduction Children presenting for the first time with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) offer a unique opportunity to study etiological agents before the confounders of treatment. Microaerophilic bacteria can exploit the ecological niche of the intestinal epithelium; Helicobacter and Campylobacter are previously implicated in IBD pathogenesis. The aim of the study was to assess these and other microaerophilic bacteria in de-novo paediatric IBD.

Methods 100 children undergoing colonoscopy were recruited including 44 treatment naïve de-novo IBD patients and 42 with normal colons. Colonic biopsies were subjected to microaerophilic culture with Gram-negative isolates then identified by sequencing. Biopsies were also PCR screened for the specific microaerophilic bacterial groups: Helicobacteraceae, Campylobacteraceae and Sutterella wadsworthensis.

Results 129 Gram-negative microaerophilic bacterial isolates were identified from 10 genera. The most frequently cultured was S. wadsworthensis (32 distinct isolates). Unusual Campylobacter were isolated from 8 subjects (including 3 C. concisus, 1 C. curvus, 1 C. lari, 1 C. rectus, 3 C. showae). No Helicobacter were cultured. When comparing IBD vs. normal colon control by PCR the prevalence figures were not significantly different (Helicobacter 11% vs. 12%, p = 1.00; Campylobacter 75% vs. 76%, p = 1.00; S. wadsworthensis 82% vs. 71%, p = 0.312).

Conclusion This study offers a comprehensive overview of the microaerophilic microbiota of the paediatric colon including at IBD onset. Campylobacter appear to be surprisingly common, are not more strongly associated with IBD and can be isolated from around 8% of paediatric colonic biopsies. S. wadsworthensis appears to be a common commensal. Helicobacter species are relatively rare in the paediatric colon.

Disclosure of Interest None Declared

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