Introduction UGIB is a common emergency frequently requiring endoscopic intervention. Training in therapeutic endoscopy for UGIB is not mandatory. Furthermore UGIB endoscopic experience may be diminished by the European Working Time Directive and a Consultant delivered service. There has been no published data on trainees’ opportunities for UGIB endoscopic experience. This study evaluates GI trainee experience in the South Yorkshire (SY) region and nationally.
Methods Rockall scores for patients requiring an endoscopy for an UGIB (n = 622, 5 hospitals) was prospectively collected in SY between Sept-Dec 2011. Trainee experience from this cohort was then compared with a historical SY UGIB cohort (n = 274) from 1996. Nationally, all BSG trainees (n = 478) were invited to respond to a custom designed web based questionnaire (Nov-Dec. 2012). Information was collected about OGD competency (both diagnostic and therapeutic) and trainees’ confidence of acquiring sufficient endoscopic skills in UGIB prior to completing specialty training.
Results Regionally, comparison between the 2011 and 1996 SY UGIB cohorts demonstrated comparable 30-day mortality rates (8.5% vs 8.1%, p = 0.78), with similar median post-endoscopy Rockall scores (6 v 5). When comparisons were made between trainee and non-trainee performed procedures, no mortality difference was identified (p = 0.286). However, when comparing trainee undertaken procedures between the two cohorts, a significant decline was observed with 76% (208/274) of endoscopic procedures for UGIB being performed by trainees in 1996 compared with only 16% (97/622) in 2011 (p < 0.0001). Nationally, questionnaires were returned by 51% (245/478) of BSG trainees (median = 4 years registrar training, range 1–9 years). Of these, 42% (104/245) had completed a basic upper GI endoscopy training course and 40% a therapeutic course. Median number of OGD’s performed by trainees was 500, with therapeutic exposure < 10% in 76% of cases. 23% (57/245) of trainees felt their endoscopic skills in UGIB will be insufficient at the time of specialty training completion.
Conclusion This study objectively demonstrates a decline in regional training for gastroenterology trainees in UGIB endoscopic procedures. Furthermore our regional audit is supported by the National audit, which suggests that trainees across the UK are both limited in their opportunities and concerned that a level of competency may not be attained during registrar training. We advocate reviewing UK endoscopic training provision for UGIB ensuring qualified and confident endoscopists are produced to meet future service needs.
Disclosure of Interest None Declared