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PWE-055 Coeliac Disease is More Common in Subjects with Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome Compared to Healthy Controls
  1. HA Penny1,
  2. I Aziz1,
  3. M Ferrar2,
  4. J Atkinson1,
  5. N Hoggard3,
  6. M Hadjivassiliou4,
  7. JN West2,
  8. DS Sanders1
  1. 1Academic Department of Gastroenterology
  2. 2Department of Cardiology
  3. 3Department of Radiology
  4. 4Department of Neurology, Sheffield, UK

Abstract

Introduction Patients with the postural tachycardia syndrome (PoTS) have anecdotally reported symptom improvement on a gluten-free diet (GFD) but there has been no association study between PoTS and coeliac disease. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of coeliac disease and self-reported gluten sensitivity in a cohort of patients with PoTS and compare this with local population data.

Methods 100 PoTS patients were recruited from the syncope clinic to complete a validated questionnaire which screened for gluten sensitivity and related symptoms. Case notes were reviewed for relevant GI diagnoses. For comparison, the local coeliac prevalence was determined from a total of 1200 controls (Control Group 1) and a further 400 controls (Control Group 2; frequency matched for age and sex) filled out the same questionnaire.

Results Four out of a hundred (4%) patients with PoTS had serology and biopsy-proven coeliac disease. This was significantly higher than the prevalence of coeliac disease in Control Group 1 (12/1200, 1%; OR 4.1, 95% CI 1.3 to 13.0; p = 0.02). In comparison with Control Group 2, patients with PoTS had a higher prevalence of self-reported gluten sensitivity (42% versus 19%; p < 0.001), coeliac disease (4% versus 1%; p = 0.04) and IBS (36% versus 9%; p < 0.0001).

Conclusion There is a high prevalence of coeliac disease and self-reported gluten sensitivity in patients with PoTS. We advocate screening for the gluten-related disorders in patients with PoTS. Further studies are required to ascertain the nature of this relationship.

Disclosure of Interest None Declared

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