Article Text

PDF
Original article
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and progression of coronary artery calcium score: a retrospective cohort study
  1. Dong Hyun Sinn1,
  2. Danbee Kang2,
  3. Yoosoo Chang3,4,5,
  4. Seungho Ryu3,4,5,
  5. Seonhye Gu6,
  6. Hyunkyoung Kim6,
  7. Donghyeong Seong2,
  8. Soo Jin Cho7,
  9. Byoung-Kee Yi2,8,
  10. Hyung-Doo Park9,
  11. Seung Woon Paik1,
  12. Young Bin Song1,10,
  13. Mariana Lazo10,
  14. Joao A C Lima10,
  15. Eliseo Guallar10,
  16. Juhee Cho2,3,5,10,
  17. Geum-Youn Gwak1
  1. 1Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, South Korea
  2. 2Department of Health Science and Technology, SAIHST, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, South Korea
  3. 3Center for Cohort Studies, Total Healthcare Screening Center, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, South Korea
  4. 4Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, South Korea
  5. 5Department of Clinical Research Design and Evaluation, SAIHST, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, South Korea
  6. 6Biostatistics and Clinical Epidemiology Center, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, South Korea
  7. 7Center for Health Promotion, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, South Korea
  8. 8Department of Medical Informatics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, South Korea
  9. 9Department of Laboratory Medicine and Genetics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, South Korea
  10. 10Departments of Epidemiology and Medicine and Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, USA
  1. Correspondence to Professor Geum-Youn Gwak, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 81 Irwon-ro, Gangnam-Gu, Seoul 06351, South Korea; gy.gwak{at}samsung.com or Professor Juhee Cho, Department of Clinical Research Design and Evaluation, SAIHST, Sungkyunkwan University, 81 Irwon-ro, Gangnam-Gu, 06351, Seoul, South Korea; jcho{at}skku.edu

Abstract

Background and aim Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome, was associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in many cross-sectional studies, but the prospective association between NAFLD and the progression of atherosclerosis has not been evaluated. This study was conducted to evaluate the association between NAFLD and the progression of coronary atherosclerosis.

Methods This retrospective cohort study included 4731 adult men and women with no history of cardiovascular disease (CVD), liver disease or cancer at baseline who participated in a repeated regular health screening examination between 2004 and 2013. Fatty liver was diagnosed by ultrasound based on standard criteria, including parenchymal brightness, liver-to-kidney contrast, deep beam attenuation and bright vessel walls. Progression of coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores was measured using multidetector CT scanners.

Results The average duration of follow-up was 3.9 years. During follow-up, the annual rate of CAC progression in participants with and without NAFLD were 22% (95% CI 20% to 23%) and 17% (16% to 18%), respectively (p<0.001). The multivariable ratio of progression rates comparing participants with NAFLD with those without NAFLD was 1.04 (1.02 to 1.05; p<0.001). The association between NAFLD and CAC progression was similar in most subgroups analysed, including in participants with CAC 0 and in those with CAC >0 at baseline.

Conclusions In this large cohort study of adult men and women with no history of CVD, NAFLD was significantly associated with the development of CAC independent of cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors. NAFLD may play a pathophysiological role in atherosclerosis development and may be useful to identify subjects with a higher risk of subclinical disease progression.

  • CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • FATTY LIVER
  • FIBROSIS
  • ULTRASONOGRAPHY

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • DHS and DK contributed equally.

  • Correction notice This article has been corrected since it published Online First. Professor Cho has been added as co-corresponding author.

  • Contributors DHS and G-YG designed the study. DK, SG, HK, DS, SJC and B-KY collected the data. DK, SG, HK, EG and JC performed the data analysis. DHS, DK, YC, SR, H-DP, SWP, YBS, ML, JL, EG, JC and G-YG wrote the final report. All authors contributed to critical revision of the final report. JC and G-YG are guarantors. All the authors had full access to all of the data and can take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval Methods, Study population.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Linked Articles