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Associations With Tight Junction Genes Pard3 And Magi2 In Dutch Patients Point To A Common Barrier Defect For Celiac Disease And Ulcerative Colitis
  1. Martin C Wapenaar (m.c.wapenaar{at}medgen.umcg.nl)
  1. UMCG, Netherlands
    1. Alienke Monsuur (a.j.monsuur{at}umcutrecht.nl)
    1. UMCU, Netherlands
      1. Ad van Bodegraven (v.bodegraven{at}vumc.nl)
      1. VU Medical CenterRinse, Netherlands
        1. Rinse K Weersma (r.k.weersma{at}int.umcg.nl)
        1. University Medical Center Groningen, Netherlands
          1. Marianna Bevova (m.bevova{at}umcutrecht.nl)
          1. UMCU, Netherlands
            1. Ronald Linskens (r.linskens{at}st-anna.nl)
            1. St Anna Hospital, Netherlands
              1. Peter Howdle (p.d.howdle{at}leeds.ac.uk)
              1. St James University Hospital, Leeds, United Kingdom
                1. Geoffrey Holmes (geoffreyholmes{at}compuserve.com)
                1. Derby Royal Infirmary, Derby, United Kingdom
                  1. C J J MULDER (cjmulder{at}vumc.nl)
                  1. VU University Medical Center, Netherlands
                    1. Gerard Dijkstra (g.dijkstra{at}int.umcg.nl)
                    1. UMCG, Netherlands
                      1. David A van Heel (d.vanheel{at}qmul.ac.uk)
                      1. Barts and The London, United Kingdom
                        1. Cisca Wijmenga (c.wijmenga{at}umcutrecht.nl)
                        1. UMCG, Netherlands

                          Abstract

                          Background: Celiac disease (GSE) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are common gastrointestinal disorders. Both display enhanced intestinal permeability, initiated by gluten exposure (GSE) or bacterial interactions (IBD). Previous studies showed association of both diseases with variants in MYO9B, presumably involved in epithelial permeability. Aim: We hypothesized that genetic variants in tight junction genes might affect epithelial barrier function, thus contributing to a shared pathogenesis of GSE and IBD. Methods: We tested this hypothesis with a comprehensive genetic association analysis of 41 genes from the tight junction pathway, represented by 197 tag SNP markers. Results: Two genes, PARD3 (2 SNPs) and MAGI2 (2 SNPs), showed weak association with GSE in a Dutch cohort. Replication in a British GSE cohort yielded significance for one SNP in PARD3 and suggestive associations for two additional SNPs, one each in PARD3 and MAGI2. Joint analysis of the British and Dutch data further substantiated the association for both PARD3 (rs10763976, P = 6.4 x 10-5; OR 1.23, 95% CI 1.11-1.37) and MAGI2 (rs6962966, P = 7.6 x 10-4; OR 1.19, 95% CI 1.08-1.32). Association was also observed in Dutch ulcerative colitis patients with MAGI2 (rs6962966, P = 0.0036; OR 1.26, 95% CI 1.08-1.47), and suggestive association with PARD3 (rs4379776, P = 0.068). Conclusions: These results suggest that celiac disease and ulcerative colitis may share a common etiology through tight junction-mediated barrier defects, although the observations need further replication.

                          • MAGI2
                          • PARD3
                          • celiac disease
                          • gluten-sensitive enteropathy
                          • ulcerative colitis

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