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The cricopharyngeal sphincter in gastric reflux
  1. P. S. Hunt,
  2. A. M. Connell,
  3. T. B. Smiley


    This study was prompted by a clinical association noted between reflux oesophagitis and upper oesophageal disorders. Patients with reflux oesophagitis have been shown to have a significantly raised resting cricopharyngeal pressure. Patients with reflux oesophagitis (36%) complaining of dysphagia localized to the throat also had a high resting cricopharyngeal pressure. Successful repair of a hiatus hernia restored the cricopharyngeal pressure to within the normal range. Four of the five patients studied who had a pharyngeal pouch also had a raised cricopharyngeal pressure.

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