A technique of microdissection of colonic mucosa has allowed the study of mitotic activity, measured by metaphase accumulation following colchicine blockade, in individual crypts of mouse colon. The changes occurring during growth and development of normal colon have been studied and compared with changes found in antigen free colon (colonic isografts) and in cell-mediated immune damage of the bowel (allograft rejection). Metaphase accumulation was steady at two metaphases per hour in baby mouse colon until 18 days after birth. Between 18 and 24 days a rapid, and significant increase in mitotic activity occurred (P less than 0.01), reached adult values, and changed no further. Metaphase accumulation in isografts was similar to normal colon for the first two weeks after transplantation but the rise in mitotic activity in the third week did not occur. Allografts of colon showed two- to three-fold increases in metaphase accumulation when compared with both normal colon and isografts (P less than 0.01). When crypt mitotic activity was compared with the length of crypts measured in histological sections of normal colon, isografts, and allografts, no clear relationship was observed. Both changes in the luminal environment of the gut at the time of weaning and cell-mediated immune reactions in the colonic wall appeared to be associated with increased mitotic activity in colonic crypts.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.