Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Dyspepsia, Helicobacter pylori, and peptic ulcer in a randomly selected population in India.
  1. P H Katelaris,
  2. G H Tippett,
  3. P Norbu,
  4. D G Lowe,
  5. R Brennan,
  6. M J Farthing
  1. Department of Gastroenterology, St Bartholomew's Hospital, London.


    There seems to be a worldwide geographic variation in the prevalence of peptic ulcer disease, although there are few reliable population based studies. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of peptic ulcer disease in a community in southern India and to evaluate the relationship between dyspeptic symptoms, Helicobacter pylori infection, gastritis, and peptic ulcer disease. A sample population was selected randomly from a rural monastic settlement in southern India. Subjects were interviewed using a standardised symptom and demography questionnaire then underwent upper endoscopy and antral biopsy for histology and CLO rapid urease test. Altogether 197 subjects from a population of 1499 (13.1%) were studied. All were male monks and ethnically Tibetan. The median age was 28 years (range: 21-81). None smoked or took NSAIDs. The six month period prevalence of dyspeptic symptoms was 68.5%. Current symptoms were present in 58.9% of subjects. Dyspepsia was more common in subjects aged 40 years or younger (p < 0.0001). H pylori was detected in 77.2% subjects. There was no association between dyspepsia and the presence of H pylori or histological gastritis, although there was a strong correlation between symptoms and ulcer (p < 0.003). The point prevalence of active peptic ulcer was 6.6% (13/197). All ulcers detected were either prepyloric or pyloroduodenal in location. A further 6.6% of subjects had definite evidence of scarring or deformity indicative of ulceration in the past. Subjects with past or present ulcers comprised 17.8% of dyspeptic subjects. H pylori was present in all subjects with active ulcers and in 12/13 of those with scarring. Dyspepsia, H pylori infection, gastritis, and peptic ulcer are all more common in this population than in those from developed countries. Ulcer disease, however, accounts for only a small proportion of subjects with symptoms and neither H pylori infection nor gastritis are significantly associated with the presence of dyspepsia.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.