Twenty six patients with portal hypertension of different aetiologies were studied for endoscopic evidence of congestive gastroduodenopathy and histological evidence of congestive gastropathy and jejunopathy. Per oral biopsies of jejunum were taken by Watson's capsule. Normal biopsy tissues obtained from the antrum (26), fundus (10), and jejunum (26) were used as controls. Endoscopy showed congestive changes in the fundus (17 cases), antrum (17), and duodenum (4). Duodenopathy correlated with changes in the antrum but not in the fundus. Histology showed an increase in the size and number of vessels in the jejunal villi ('congestive jejunopathy') in 22 patients. These correlated with histological evidence of gastropathy in the fundus but not in the antrum. The incidence of congestive jejunopathy did not correlate with the Child-Pugh score in patients with cirrhosis or with the number of sclerotherapy sessions received. Congestive jejunopathy is part of the spectrum of congestive gastroenteropathy and occurs at least as frequently as changes in the stomach and duodenum. The clinical import of these jejunal changes remains to be explained.
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