Article Text

Download PDFPDF

Increased macrophage subset in inflammatory bowel disease: apparent recruitment from peripheral blood monocytes.
  1. J Rugtveit,
  2. P Brandtzaeg,
  3. T S Halstensen,
  4. O Fausa,
  5. H Scott
  1. Department A, University of Oslo, National Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Norway.


    Mucosal specimens from active Crohn's disease (ileum, n = 6; colon, n = 6), active ulcerative colitis (n = 9), normal ileum (n = 6), and normal colon (n = 6) were subjected to paired immunofluorescence staining for characterisation of macrophage subsets in situ. In the normal state, only few CD68+ macrophages (< 10%) expressing the myelomonocytic L1 antigen (calprotectin) were seen. In inflamed mucosa, especially near small vessels, the CD68+L1+ fraction increased with the degree of inflammation, near ulcers to median 65% (range 35-91%). Cells reactive with the monoclonal antibody RFD7 were also increased in inflammation but less than 5% of them costained for L1 antigen. It is concluded that L1 producing macrophages are distinct from the RFD7+ subset and probably recently recruited from peripheral blood monocytes. Like granulocytes, L1+ macrophages may be important in non-specific defence, providing calprotectin with putative anti-microbial and anti-proliferative properties.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.