Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Detection of c-Ki-ras mutations in faecal samples from sporadic colorectal cancer patients.
  1. J Smith-Ravin,
  2. J England,
  3. I C Talbot,
  4. W Bodmer
  1. Colorectal Cancer Unit, St Mark's Hospital, London.


    Colonic exfoliated epithelial cells in faecal material provide a source of human DNA which has been analysed for the presence of the tumour marker ras, in order to detect early tumour cells. The stool samples were subjected to a preliminary sample preparation step followed by centrifugation. DNA was extracted from both the centrifugation pellet and supernatant fractions, as well as from endoscopy washings, using a conventional phenol chloroform extraction method and was then purified on glass milk or spin columns. The purified DNA was amplified using mitochondrial primers and analysed for ras mutations using a non-radioactive, allele specific mismatch method. Corresponding tumour DNA was analysed for mutations using the same method. The results show that approximately 50% of the faecal samples analysed exhibited the presence of ras mutations which were also observed in the corresponding tumours. A double mutation was detected in one supernatant. Our findings represent an important stage in the development of a diagnostic test for the early detection of colorectal cancer.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.