The functional response and phenotypic characterisation of peripheral blood T cells were studied in 41 patients with autoimmune gastritis--nine patients with autoimmune gastritis alone, 11 with untreated pernicious anaemia, and 21 with resolved pernicious anaemia who were taking vitamin B-12. Phenotypic analysis showed no changes in the CD4/CD8 ratio in any group of patients. CD3+ cells were significantly decreased and CD16+ cells were significantly increased in patients with autoimmune gastritis alone. Phytohaemagglutinin induced T cell proliferation, with or without interleukin 2, was reduced in the three groups. T cell proliferation induced by phorbol myristate acetate was normal. Interleukin 2 production of phytohaemagglutinin-stimulated lymphocytes was normal in the three groups. Five patients with pernicious anaemia treated with vitamin B-12 were followed and persistent hypoproliferation of T cells in response to phytohaemagglutinin was observed. The follow up study of the phenotype of these patients showed a significant increase of the CD2+ CD3- lymphocyte population after six months' treatment. In conclusion, the three groups of autoimmune gastritis patients studied have a functional defect in T cells that is independent of B-12 treatment and of the presence of pernicious anaemia.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.