This study compared the response to adenine arabinoside 5'-monophosphate (ARA AMP) in 60 patients with chronic hepatitis B according to the pretreatment serum hepatitis B virus DNA concentration. The level of hepatitis B virus replication was defined as low (30 patients) or high (30 patients) when serum hepatitis B virus DNA concentration was below or above 100 pg/ml, respectively. Patients received a 28 day course of ARA AMP and a second course of ARA AMP was given six months later to patients with persistent hepatitis B virus replication. At the end of the first course of ARA AMP, 11 of the patients (37%) with low replication and one of the patients (3%) with high replication became negative for hepatitis B virus DNA (p = 0.0012); five of the patients (17%) with low replication and none of the patients with high replication had HBe seroconversion (p = 0.06). Two of these five patients lost HBsAg. Kinetics of serum hepatitis B virus DNA during treatment showed a considerable but transient antiviral effect of ARA AMP. Three of 32 retreated patients became negative for hepatitis B virus DNA and one patient had HBe seroconversion. In conclusion, ARA AMP exerts a considerable but transient antiviral effect on hepatitis B virus. Complete and sustained inhibition of hepatitis B virus replication was only obtained in the patients with low hepatitis B virus replication.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.