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Induction of retinoic acid receptor β mediates growth inhibition in retinoid resistant human colon carcinoma cells
  1. B Nicke,
  2. E-O Riecken,
  3. S Rosewicz
  1. Medizinische Klinik I, Gastroenterologie/ Infektiologie, Klinikum Benjamin Franklin, FU Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 30, 12200 Berlin, Germany
  1. Dr Rosewicz.

Abstract

BACKGROUND The molecular mechanisms underlying the differential sensitivity of human colon carcinoma cells to retinoid mediated growth inhibition are poorly understood.

AIM To identify the intracellular mechanisms responsible for resistance against retinoid mediated growth inhibition in human colon carcinoma cells.

METHODS Anchorage independent growth of the human colon carcinoma cell lines HT29 and LoVo was determined by a human tumour clonogenic assay. Retinoid receptor expression was evaluated by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and northern blotting. Retinoid mediated transactivation was assessed by transient transfection of a pTK::βREx2-luc reporter construct. Retinoid receptor overexpression was achieved by selecting stably transfected cell clones.

RESULTS Retinoid treatment resulted in profound dose dependent growth inhibition in HT29 cells, while LoVo cells were unaffected. The two cell lines express identical patterns of nuclear retinoid receptor mRNA transcripts. However, on retinoid treatment, retinoic acid receptor β gene expression was upregulated only in retinoid sensitive HT29 cells, but not in retinoid resistant LoVo cells. In accordance, stable overexpression of retinoic acid receptor β but not α or γ conferred retinoid mediated growth inhibition on LoVo cells.

CONCLUSION Induction of retinoic acid receptor β expression is required and sufficent to confer retinoid mediated growth inhibition on human colon carcinoma cells.

  • colon cancer
  • retinoic acid
  • retinoic acid receptor
  • Abbreviations used in this paper

    HTCA
    human tumour clonogenic assay
    RAR
    retinoic acid receptor
    RXR
    retinoid X receptor
    RA
    retinoic acid
    RT-PCR
    reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction
    RARE
    retinoic acid responsive element
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  • Abbreviations used in this paper

    HTCA
    human tumour clonogenic assay
    RAR
    retinoic acid receptor
    RXR
    retinoid X receptor
    RA
    retinoic acid
    RT-PCR
    reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction
    RARE
    retinoic acid responsive element
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