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Changes in gastric acid secretion assayed by endoscopic gastrin test before and after Helicobacter pylorieradication
  1. K Iijima,
  2. S Ohara,
  3. H Sekine,
  4. T Koike,
  5. K Kato,
  6. S Asaki,
  7. T Shimosegawa,
  8. T Toyota
  1. Third Department of Internal Medicine, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan
  1. Dr K Iijima, Third Department of Internal Medicine, Tohoku University School of Medicine, 1-1 Seiryo-machi, Aobaku, Sendai 980-8574, Japan.


BACKGROUND It remains controversial whether or not Helicobacter pyloriinfection causes altered gastric acid secretion. A novel test for evaluating gastric acid secretion (endoscopic gastrin test; EGT) has recently been developed.

AIM To investigate by EGT the effects of H pylorieradication on the state of gastric acid secretion in patients with peptic ulcer.

METHODS Twenty six patients with duodenal ulcer and 33 with gastric ulcer, for all of whomH pylori infection had been documented, were studied by EGT, histological examination of gastric mucosa, and measurement of plasma gastrin levels before and one and seven months after H pylori eradication.

RESULTS In patients with duodenal ulcer, the mean EGT value beforeH pylori eradication was higher than that inH pylori negative controls, but it had decreased significantly seven months after the treatment. In contrast, the mean EGT value of patients with gastric ulcer beforeH pylori eradication was lower than that inH pylori negative controls, but it had increased one month after the treatment; this was followed by a slight decrease at seven months. In both groups, mean EGT values seven months after the treatment were not significantly different from the mean control value.

CONCLUSIONS The reduced acid secretion in gastric ulcer patients and gastric acid hypersecretion in duodenal ulcer patients were both normalised after the clearance of H pylori.

  • acid secretion
  • duodenal ulcer
  • endoscopic gastrin test (EGT)
  • gastric ulcer
  • Helicobacter pylori

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  • Abbreviations used in this paper:
    duodenal ulcer
    endoscopic gastrin test
    gastric ulcer