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The non-H pylori helicobacters: their expanding role in gastrointestinal and systemic diseases
  1. J G Fox
  1. Correspondence to:
    J G Fox, Division of Comparative Medicine, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Bldg. 16, Rm. 825C, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA;


The number of species in the genus Helicobacter has rapidly expanded over the past decade. The genus now includes at least 24 formally named species as well as numerous other helicobacters awaiting formal naming. This review highlights the expanding role that other helicobacters, although not as well known as H pylori, play in gastrointestinal and systemic disease in humans.

  • Helicobacter pylori
  • non-helicobacters
  • infection
  • systemic disease
  • PCR, polymerase chain reaction
  • CLOs, campylobacter-like organisms
  • HLOs helicobacter-like organisms
  • CDT, cytolethal distending toxin
  • RFLP, restriction fragment length polymorphism
  • HIV, human immunodeficiency virus
  • XLA, X linked agammaglobulinaemia
  • PSC, primary sclerosing cholangitis
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