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Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) released from Helicobacter pylori stimulated gastric epithelial cells induces cyclooxygenase 2 expression and activation in T cells

Abstract

Background and aims: To clarify the interaction between gastric epithelial and mucosal T cells, we examined the role of cytokines released from epithelial cells in response to Helicobacter pylori water extract protein (HPWEP) in regulating T cell cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) expression and activation.

Methods: Media from MKN-28 cells incubated with HPWEP for 48 hours were added to Jurkat T cells and human peripheral T cells. C–C and CXC chemokine concentrations in MKN-28 cell media, and COX-2 expression, interferon γ (IFN-γ), and interleukin (IL)-4 secretions in T cells were determined by western blot analysis and ELISA methods. Distributions of COX-2 positive T cells and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) in tissue specimens with H pylori associated gastritis were determined as single or double labelling by immunohistochemistry.

Results: MCP-1, IL-7, IL-8, and RANTES were detected in media from MKN-28 cells incubated with HPWEP. Media as a whole, and MCP-1 alone, stimulated COX-2 expression and peripheral T cell proliferation. Anti-MCP-1 antibody inhibited media stimulated COX-2 mRNA expression in Jurkat T cells. Media stimulated IFN-γ but not IL-4 secretion from peripheral T cells, while MCP-1 stimulated IL-4 but not IFN-γ secretion. Both stimulated cytokine release, and peripheral T cell proliferation was partially inhibited by NS-398, a specific COX-2 inhibitor. In mucosa with gastritis, COX-2 was expressed in T cells and MCP-1 was localised mainly in epithelial and mononuclear cells. MCP-1 levels and the intensity of COX-2 expression in tissue samples were closely related.

Conclusions: Cytokines such as MCP-1, released from gastric epithelial cells in response to HPWEP, seem to modulate T cell immune responses, at least in part via COX-2 expression.

  • Helicobacter pylori
  • T cell
  • cyclooxygenase
  • COX-2 inhibitor
  • mucosal immunity
  • MCP-1, monocyte chemoattractant protein 1
  • COX, cyclooxygenase
  • IL, interleukin
  • IFN-γ interferon γ
  • PG, prostaglandin
  • HPWEP, Helicobacter pylori water extract protein
  • FCS, fetal calf serum
  • NFκB, nuclear factor κB
  • MIP, macrophage inflammatory protein
  • ELISA, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay
  • RT-PCR, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction
  • TBS, Tris buffered saline
  • LPS, lipopolysaccharide
  • Th, T helper

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  • Robin Spiller