Abundant data have incriminated intestinal bacteria in the initiation and amplification stages of inflammatory bowel diseases. However, the precise role of intestinal bacteria remains elusive. One theory has suggested a breakdown in the balance between putative species of “protective” versus “harmful” intestinal bacteria—this concept has been termed “dysbiosis”. Arguments in support of this concept are discussed.
- inflammatory bowel disease
- intestinal bacteria
- IBD, inflammatory bowel disease
- CD, Crohn’s disease
- IL, interleukin
- PCR, polymerase chain reaction
- UC, ulcerative colitis
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